In silico medicine (also known as “computational medicine”) is the application of in silico research to problems involving health and medicine. It is the direct use of computer simulation in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease. More specifically, in silico medicine is characterised by modelling, simulation, and visualisation of biological and medical processes in computers with the goal of simulating real biological processes in a virtual environment. (Wikipedia Definition)
In silico medicine, personalised medicine and precision medicine seem to be the latest trend in health related press. More personalised care and precision medicine have been boom words that are debated in national and international news stories. So much so that 2014 even saw the arrival of ‘in silico‘ in the online version of the Oxford Dictionary. This clearly shows the rising importance of this research area and more importantly its arrival in the public domain.
The dictionary defines ‘in silico’ as:
ADJECTIVE & ADVERB
(Of scientific experiments or research) conducted or produced by means of computer modelling or computer simulation: